Al empty デ エナーレス
Cervantes open space
|State||State of Madrid|
|Population||204,823 (2013) |
|Population density||2,334.96 /km²|
Al empty デ エナーレス  (Alcaláde Henares) is a city of Spain. Because an accent leaves Henares in the second syllable, it is pronounced like Al empty デ エナーレス. In addition, the Al empty デ Enaless notation is seen. It is located in the eastern part of State of central Madrid, Spain. The population is approximately 200,000 people. "Al is empty" comes from the word "castle" of Arabic. I add "デ エナーレス" to distinguish it from a city (Al empty デ グアダイラ and Al empty la real) of the same name in Andalucia.
Table of contents
Geographical features, industrial
I am located of エナーレス riverside, Madrid on the road toward グアダラハーラ. Hides, soap industry are prosperous. Cities of the neighborhoods include Madrid of approximately 30 kilos west, Getafe of the 35 kilos southwest.
The population as of January 1, 2011 is 203,686 people.
|Population change 1900-2010 of Al empty デ エナーレス|
|The source: INE (Spanish national Statistics Bureau) from 1900 to 1991 , 1996 - |
It was called "コンプルトゥム" in ancient Roman age. A bishop seat was put for the west goat kingdom era. It was not a too important town under the Islam rule, but a fort (Al-Qal'at) was built in the twelfth century, and this became the name of the current town. I was conquered in 1118 by the Castilia kingdom, and an archbishop of Toledo was given it. Around the hall of the archbishop, a Christian street, a ghetto, an Arab town were formed. A Jew was expelled in 1496 by a King law, but the structure of the town came to be used as the remainder, a university city. The portent as the university city begins in fact when the サンチョ fourth established "ストゥディウム ゲネラーレ" (Studium Generale) in 1298.
The construction of the university city began, and sun イルデフォンソ school was founded in 1499 in the early 16th century from the end of 15th century by the suggestion of the シスネーロス cardinal. Unlike other university cities in Europe, the feature is that the whole town was planned as a university city from a beginning in Al empty デ エナーレス. University facilities were expanded and accomplished development afterwards as a center of the arts and sciences, the culture. The scholar of well-known humanism such as Erasmus is invited to this town, too. A print technology was brought in, and the multilingual side-by-side translation Bible (Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Aramaic, cf. en) for Al empty デ エナーレス was published.
When the Al empty university declined slowly, and a holding liberation law was given in permanence for 1,836 years by prime minister men disa Baru, the university moved to Madrid (current Madrid コンプルテンセ University). The Al empty citizen made a co-owner association and I purchased the building of the university and tried for maintenance. When a railroad was spread in the 19th century, industrial development began, but the development did not extend to the historic district. A voice for the revival of the university increased, and Al empty university founded a school at last in 1977.
Al empty university (facade of the sun イルデフォンソ school)
|Fame||University and Historic Precinct of Alcaláde Henares|
|The name of a Buddha||Universitéet quartier historique d'Alcaláde Henares|
|Registration division||Cultural heritage|
|Registration standard||(2), (4), (6)|
|The registration year||1998|
|Official site||World heritage center (English)|
In 1998, University and Historic Precinct of Alcala de Henares was registered with a world heritage (cultural heritage) of the UNESCO. It was evaluated that a thing, the city planning which were the world's first premeditated university city became the model in the American continent and Europe. In addition, it was said that it contributed to intellectual development of the human to have laid thing, Cervantes whom linguistic development including the multilingual side-by-side translation Bible was seen in in this ground as (6) of the registration standard.
Considered that this world heritage met the following standards in the world heritage registration standard, and registration was accomplished (the following standards are translation, quotation from a registration standard of the world heritage center publication).
- (2) In through a period of time or a certain cultural sphere, I show important interchange of the value of the human about a building, a technique, art, the city planning of the monument, the development of the scenery design.
- (4) A superior example of architecture illustrating the important times in history of the human, building group, the accumulation of the technique or the scenery.
- (6) Or an event having remarkable, universal significance, a tradition, thought, faith to exist are artistic and are related to a literal work directly or clearly (world heritage Committee thinks that it is desirable to use this standard in combination with other standards).
It is the history inheritance of Spain, and the area enrolled in a world heritage is protected by the local government of Madrid state government and the city.
It is approximately 35 minutes by a suburban route (C-1, C-2, C-7) from Madrid. A train runs every 5-10 minutes.
- Report, 1998 of ICOMOS
- ^ "Población, superficie y densidad por municipios" (Spanish). INE (Spanish national Statistics Bureau). June 19, 2014 reading.
- ^ "Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero de 2013" (Spanish). INE (Spanish national Statistics Bureau). June 19, 2014 reading.
- ^ Consorcio Turístico de Madrid (the sightseeing in State of Madrid station)
- ^ Poblaciones de hecho desde 1900 hasta 1991. Cifras oficiales de los Censos respectivos.
- ^ Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero.
- Site (Spanish, English) of Al empty デ エナーレス
- Sightseeing in State of Madrid station Al empty デ エナーレス (Japanese)
- The introductions such as how to walk - history or the monument of Al empty デ エナーレス.
- Sightseeing in Spanish government station official site Al empty デ エナーレス (Japanese)
This article is taken from the Japanese Wikipedia Al empty デ エナーレス
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