Professional ability to affect city construction work and the real estate business such as building or the land creation design in the U.K. with the Surveyor (Surveyor). This name is used as a qualification name. A Surveyor was the job title of the best chief engineer of the Royal Family construction station.
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Example in Japan
When I stab a British Surveyor generally in Japan, I point to the チャータード Surveyor authorized in a royal Surveyor association or point to the quantity Surveyor (QS) who is a cost management expert, a multiplication engineer.
It is a U.K.'s original professional ability name, but is translated with an investigation person, a valuer because I perform various "investigations" "judgment" in the real estate mainly when I translate it in Japanese. I am used as a land and house investigator, an abbreviated designation of the real estate appraiser each in Japan, but it is the qualification that made much of the public interest both and is equal to the positioning of the historic Surveyor for the job specifications.
In addition, in the administration, there is the example which translates a chief architect as "Surveyor" with a Japanese laws and ordinances foreign language reason database system by Ministry of Justice.
There is a historic stage for the formation of the architect which appeared in the European countries, and, in the job title that was always seen in the U.K. as professional ability to precede an architect, a part separates to an architect (architect) later, and the Surveyor develops.
The forerunner of the Surveyor sails it up in the government official of duties with the audit-like side called the viewer (Vewer "controller") installed in the twelfth century and the side of the field overseer. The U.K. did not develop so as that the Royal Family construction station managed directly in the national formative period and could control it, and each district high sheriff carried the responsibility main constituent of the construction including the use of the construction fund from the purchase and delivery of goods management, transportation of the material from collecting numbers of workers and the arrangement from a technique craftsman, a certified technician in those days.
I supervise it about the construction of the state government then, and a duty to testify with legitimacy of the cost of construction in a financing court is a viewer. The person who gets trust from the Royal Family with other occupations including a doctor and the clergyman takes office as a viewer mainly, and it is said that generally it was an amateur about the building.
The job called the goalkeeper (keeper) of the positioning of the construction manager appears afterwards to deal with quantity of construction to increase in the collection of incarnation of the national polity. Besides, construction local generic Clark (clerk of the work) that is the positioning called the field overseer appears. Particularly, I develop the Royal Family construction station centering on Clark with documents method and the reform of the accounts system of 1236 to do it from a previous testimony method.
Clark supervising all the Royal Family building works of the whole land of the U.K. is established in 1378, and 集権化 is accomplished, and way of speaking, "Clark does a survey" from here in the 14th century is born. It came from that a duty called the management of the overall construction was strongly given in 集権国家体制.
It is the Royal Family construction station in the 14th century, but uses a government official name called the Surveyor for a duty person equal to Clark for 1:00 period. They are in charge of the work whole performed in a territory of the castle of the Royal Family and the hall or other country that a viewer comes to gradually develop with a Surveyor and that all carpenters and mason or other craftsman arrangement and inexperienced craftsman replace the duty to the craftsman with the arm and accomplish work including a fresh start properly, and various matters belonging to duties will establish it in this way.
Over the 15th to the 16th century, a Surveyor becomes the job title of the best chief engineer of the Royal Family construction station both in name and in reality. On the other hand, management of land, the property (estate of the place to say in the U.K.) of the Xinxing landowner who received the disposal by a policy called the monastery territory confiscation of the 18th century increases rapidly, and professional ability to undertake this work in private enterprise appears in large quantities, and these develop as estate Surveyor.
As for the Surveyor who occurred in the U.K., 14, construction administrative duties of the fifth century gradually increased today's Surveyor-like duties including surveying, article judgment, the estimate multiplication more, and private construction saw establishment of the professional ability of consulting in this way.
- Wrap excellent architect series ten selections a; associates, sigma union, 1995
- Modern world system and colonization city, Shuji Funo, Kyoto University arts and sciences publication society, 2005
- Scholar of building multiplication qualification examination questions and commentary multiplication technique meeting for the study
This article is taken from the Japanese Wikipedia Surveyor
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