I photograph it in Islamabad
|Plumeria rubra |
The plumeria (Indian jasmine, Plumeria rubra) is a deciduous tree belonging to the plumeria genus . I am called the frangipani from the generic name. The place of origin is Central America, but is cultivated widely in the subtropical zone, the tropical zone. Height of the tree, tree width becomes the 7–8 m degree together and touches the flower with the white sweet smell from the summer to the autumn.
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In 1753, I was listed in Species Plantarum by curl phone Linnaeus. The specific epithet comes from "ruber" meaning "red" in Latin. The specific epithet called acuminata, acutifolia, lutea is used, too, but is invalidated now.
I am called 'frangipani' in Australia, but 'plumeria' of the generic name is used in the United States. There is the another name called 'red frangipani', 'common frangipani', 'temple tree', too. In Hawaii called melia . 'frangipani' comes from an Italian marquis in the 16th century when I invented the perfume which the fragrance of this flower makes. I am called champa, chaaphaa, champige in the southern part, western part of India. It is châmpéi krahâ: in Cambodia Called m (krahom means "red"), châmpéi slük sruëch or frangipanieràfleurs rouges coming from French .
It is the shrub which height of the tree 2–8 m, the width are about the same, and grows up. Having a carnose stem, branch short thickly, the bark is gray. White sap stimulating skin begins to blur on the branch from a section broken slightly easily. The leaf reaches 30-50cm in length and grows each other on the tip of the branch and sheds the leaves in winter. The flower blooms in summer and makes top-blossoming. As for the petal, white, the center are dyed yellow from pink with five pieces. With the very strong sweet smell  . The bud is spiral; diameter of flower is 5-7.5cm. I soak 20-60 keys which were extremely rarely wrapped in a shell of around 17.5cm .
I am distributed over Mexico, Central America, the northern part of South America naturally. It is cultivated at a tropical level widely, and it is considered that a part becomes a wild animal in India .
It is cultivated in tropical zone, subtropical zone area of the whole world. For example, it is cultivated widely in Sydney Perth and the northern part that the frost does not go down warmly in Australia . In the United States, I can grow USDA Hardiness zones only at places more than 10B, and this is only the south end of California Florida on the mainland . I grow even 2,000m above sea level in Hawaii . I do not choose the soil in particular, and even sabulosity can grow even quality of clay even if even the acidity is basic . A seedling is available and gathers it in the winter season and can increase it by the cutting using the dried branch . Other than a garden, a street, a park, it is planted in a temple and the graveyard .
The hybrid with Plumeria obtusa is cultivated, too. As for this, a leaf is round, and fallen leaves characteristics are low . In Hawaii, cultivar, "Singapore" where the center of the flower is yellow are cultivated in whole year . It was an important ornamental flower in Hawaii, and the flower more than 14 million was used as Ray (kind of accessories) in 2005 .
Kind Coleosporium plumeriae of the rust disease-causing bacteria is infected with a young leave and causes rust disease called "plumeria rust","frangipani rust". This is reported from Hawaii Australia, and the powdery spot, film of tea - bitter orange is formed on an infected leaf. 。 This was discovered in Guadeloupe in 1902 by French mycologist Narcissus Theo Phil パトゥイラール (Narcisse Théophile Patouillard), and occurs in Taiwan in 2005 .
- ^ a b "Plumeria rubra". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. October 30, 2012 reading.
- ^ a b "Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p. 691. Könemann, 2004. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
- ^ a b c d e f Criley, Richard A (February, 1998). "Ornamentals and Flowers OF-24: Plumeria". Cooperative Extension Service, C/T/A/H/R. Department of Horticulture, College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources, University of hawaii at Manoa. January 31, 2010 reading.
- ^ a b Dy Phon Pauline, 2000, Plants Used In Cambodia, printed by Imprimerie Olympic, Phnom Penh
- ^ a b c Gilman, Edward F.; Watson, Dennis G. (October, 1994). "Fact Sheet ST-491 Plumeria rubra Frangipani". Environmental Horticulture website. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida. January 31, 2010 reading.
- ^ a b Campbell, Colin (June 3, 2006). "Fact Sheet: Frangipani". Gardening Australia Website. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. January 31, 2010 reading.
- ^ "USDA plant hardiness zones". October 31, 2012 reading.
- ^ Scott, Susan (1991). Plants and Animals of Hawaii. Bess Press. p. 65. ISBN 0-935848-93-e February 5, 2010 reading. .
- ^ PLUMERIA RUBRA: AN OLD ORNAMENTAL, A NEW CROP
- ^ Burke, Don (2001). "Weeds and Garden Pests: Frangipani Rust". Burke's Backyard website. Sydney, Australia: CTC Productions. February 4, 2010 reading.
- ^ "The first report of Plumeria (Frangipani) rust disease caused by Coleosporium plumeriae in Taiwan." November 1, 2012 reading.
This article is taken from the Japanese Wikipedia Plumeria
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