2017년 6월 22일 목요일

TOS-1

TOS-1

TOS-1 "ブラチーノ" (RussianОС-1 -тяжёлаяогнемётнаясистема, English: Heavy Flame Thrower System) is the many multi-launching rocket launcher which attached a 220mm rocket bomb discharge device to the body of the T-72 tank to manage サーモバリック explosive warhead rocket bomb. TOS-1 comprises 30 gun barrels, and, Ob.634 which is an original vehicle, Ob.634B or TOS-1A possesses 24 gun barrels again.

ТОС-1
TOS-1 ブラチーノ
ТОС-1АБуратинонарепетициипарада4.5.2010.jpg
TOS-1A which was equipped with the multiple rocket launcher of 24 gun barrel specifications
Kind Multiple rocket launcher
Original development country

Flag of the Soviet Union The Soviet Union

Russian flag Russia
The operational history
Deployment

Flag of the Soviet Union The Soviet Union

Russian flag Russia
Allied war, dispute

Dispute (from 1978 to 1989) in Afghanistan
The second Chechen conflict
Civil war (2014 -) in IraqEnglish version


Nagorno = empty buff dispute (2016)
History of development
Developer Omsk Transmash Design Bureau
Specifications
Weight 45.3 t
Full length 9.5m
Overall width 3.6m
Overall height 2.22m
Number required Three people

Diameter 220mm
Discharge speed 30 /15 seconds
Effective range It is 3,500m (TOS-1) from 500m

Engine V-84MS diesel engine
Action distance 550km
Speed 60km/h

Table of contents

Summary

Original TOS-1 has the blaze performance that only fires 30 220mm サーモバリック warhead rocket bombs carrying exhaustively in 15 seconds, and the range is relatively a short distance with 3,500m at 500m at the minimum, the maximum. In Russian Federales after the Soviet Union collapse, even the Chechen conflict is used. The rocket bomb of other various warheads such as crush warheads is not used in TOS-1. Therefore, I may be treated with the only flame emission tank now.

TOS-1 is designed to overthrow a strength of an army to be in the inside of a vehicle, a carrier and the buckler which the defense of the lightweight was made on or the topography which I opened. The first actual fighting test is carried out from 1988 through 1989, and a place is Panjshir gorge during Afghan dispute. TOS-1 having been available to the public first in Omsk of 1999.

TOS-1 is not used in a gunner corps of Russian Federales, but can see it in an NBC defense corps (Russianойскaрадиационной,химическойибиологическойзащиты(РХБЗ)) [1].

It was reported that Iraq introduced TOS-1A as a trump for radicals tissue ISIL on October 3, 2014 [2].

Development

 
Photograph from the rear

By invasion of the Soviet Union which began in 1979 in Afghanistan, the Soviet Union forces needed the many multi-launching rocket launcher which applied サーモバリック warhead to relatively clean up ムジャーヒディーン of the short distance from a home ground. Therefore the Soviet Union forces constituted a gun turret of the for two people on the body of the T-72 tank and developed TOS-1 which put 220mm30 multi-launching rocket discharge container on this.

The concept called heavyweight division short distance MRS to hit rocket, these which filled a warhead with サーモバリック explosive as an incendiary was born in the late 1970s. A battle vehicle, the rocket which constituted a battle system and the ammunition supply car were developed by KBTM located in Omsk in an early stage of the 1980s and were named TOS-1. This vehicle has been said as a secret weapon for many years.

I planned TOS-1 to be at war with a strength of an army, the equipment, a building and a defended structure. This battle vehicle acts by the attack instructions from a foot soldier and a tank. It is large-diameter, and I am necessary, and, the equipment for rocket discharge device of many gun barrels, the protection performance of the high level will promote decision called the conversion of the body of the T-72 main force tank from these from the reason of the short distance range of around 3,500m again. The ammunition supply car called TZM is made using the body of KrAZ-255B which is a truck with ability for mountain traversing and is equipped with a crane to do 装弾, 抜弾 to a discharge device.

Improved TOS-1A was deployed in 2001.

Design

The "Solntsepyok" system of TOS-1A is comprised of the following parts [3]; [4].

  • "Battle vehicle" BM-1 (Russianоеваямашина) (Ob.634B) is made from the body of T-72A and puts 24 underivatized サーモバリックロケット discharge devices on this. All rockets can be launched in 12 seconds from six seconds. The battle vehicle comprises a trajectory computer, a pursuit sighting device, the F.C. device consisting of the 1D14 laser side spur matters. A 902G smoke flare discharge device having TKN-3A sighting device, GPK-59 navigation, R-163-50U radio communication equipment, R-174 intercom, four gun barrels is included for the car head as other standard features. As for three crews, one AKS-74 automatic, RPKS-74, three RPG-26 have ten F1 grenades again. NBC protection like T-72A, a fire extinguishing device, observation machine parts were equipped BM-1 with. In addition, the T-90-based body is used in the type exported to Iraq [5].
 
TZM-T spare rocket bomb truck
  • The crane which "ammunition supply car" TZM-T (Russian version) of 2 輛 had the output of 10kN toward (Russianранспортно-заряжающаямашина) in (Ob.563) was equipped with. In addition, both vehicles carry a spare rocket from 2x12 which BM-1 uses and fuel of 400 liters. Battle weight is 39t. TZM-T needs three crews and arms myself with two AKS-74, one RPKA-74, five RPG-26, ten F1 grenades.
  • One set of NURS rocket. (these rockets called Russianеуправляемыйреактивныйснаряд)MO.1.01.04 and MO.1.01.04M are length of 3.3m or 3.7m, and weight of each rocket is 217 kg from 173 kg. The original rocket for TOS-1A has only a range of 2,700m, but, as for the improved thing, a range becomes 6,000m.

Military service

TOS-1 was used in the battle in the bread diseal (Panjshir) valley in the invasion in Afghanistan for the first time. I am spent by fight (English version) of Groznyy of 1999 after having become the Russian Federation.

TOS-1A gave glory to a first campaign with an Iraq Babil Jurf Al Nasr liberation from ISIL war on October 24, 2014 [6].

In September, 2015, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) reported that TOS-1 was placed in the anti-government troop training area in eastern Ukraine [7].

On April 4, 2016, the Azerbaijani army spent TOS-1A for Nagorno-Karabakh Defence Force [8].

Use country

References

Allied item

Outside link

This article is taken from the Japanese Wikipedia TOS-1

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